馃彔 House Vocabulary in Spanish: Vocab, Grammar, Exercises

house vocabulary in spanish
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One of the first things we learn to talk about when attending a Spanish language school is our house. It doesn’t matter if yours is small or if you live in a castle, you’ll need the same basic Spanish vocabulary to talk about it. Are you ready to do it in Spanish?

In this blog post, we’ve gathered the most essential things you might need. But don’t worry, we have four additional specific house vocabulary posts to learn all those words related to the most important rooms of every house: the kitchen, the bedroom, the bathroom, the living and dining room.

The house in Spanish

Let’s start with the basics because, as we say in Spanish, you cannot start building a house at the roof. In the infographic below, you’ll learn the most important vocabulary of the house in Spanish and you can also learn their pronunciation by clicking on the speaker icon of each word.聽

Now it’s time to practice all these new words. Are you ready?

Essential grammar for house vocabulary in Spanish

We know that grammar can be intimidating sometimes, but don’t worry we’re here to guide you through this learning road. You only have the essential things here, but if you’re want to keep learning we have plenty of content in our learner’s blog.

Locating things in Spanish with ESTAR

We use the verb ESTAR to locate things, animals, people, and places. It’s a very important verb that you’re going to use constantly in Spanish. So you need to learn it by heart. Here you have the conjugation of the verb ESTAR:

ESTAR

yo

estoy

t煤

est谩s

茅l, ella (usted)

est谩

nosotros, nosotras

estamos

vosotros, vosotras

est谩is

ellos, ellas (ustedes)

est谩n

Now that you’ve learned the verb, it’s time to learn some key words and expressions that you’ll need to place things.聽

PRACTICE!

ESTAR or HABER? That's the important question

After learning about ESTAR the next step is understanding the difference between ESTAR and HABER. It’s very simple, we use HAY (the present form of the verb HABER) to talk about unknown or new things:聽

This is new information for the person we’re talking to.聽

This is no longer new information or something unknown.聽

If you want to learn when to use HAY or ESTAR, have a look at the chart down bellow:

HAY ESTAR

un(a), unos(as) -聽a, a few

el, la, los, las聽-聽the

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6...

mi(s), tu(s), su(s)...聽- my, your, his/her...

mucho(a), muchos(as), poco...聽-聽much, many, few/little...

este(as), ese(a), estos(as)...聽-聽this, that, these...

nouns without an article: hay ba帽os, hay vino, etc.聽- there are bathrooms, there's wine, etc.

proper nouns: Mar铆a, Rosa, Par铆s, Madrid...

Adjectives to describe the house in Spanish

Adjectives are those words that we use to describe聽people, objects, animals or places. In order to talk about someone’s house in Spanish, you need to expand your vocabulary and learn some of the most used for house description.聽

Are you curious to know what are the adjectives that describe the house in Spanish? Let鈥檚 start!

Let’s see a few examples first:

As you have already seen, adjectives in Spanish must agree in number (singular or plural) and gender (masculine or feminine) with the noun they’re with.

SINGULAR PLURAL

-o (masculine)

moderno: El dormitorio es moderno.

+s聽

modernos: los dormitorios son modernos.

-a (feminine)

moderna: La casa es moderna.

+s

modernas: Las casas son modernas.

Here are some examples where you can also listen the pronunciation in Spanish and check the differences of gender and number:

       Mi casa聽es moderna.

       Mi dormitorio es peque帽o.

       Las puertas son bonitas.

       Los ba帽os son feos.

Want to learn more?

Check this blog post about Masculine and feminine, singular and plural in Spanish! Explained by our beloved teachers 馃槈

In the chart below you can find a list with the most common adjectives to describe a house in Spanish.

Spanish English

grande聽-聽big

peque帽o(a) - small

antiguo(a) -聽old

moderno(a) - modern

viejo(a) -聽old

nuevo(a) - new

feo(a) -聽ugly

bonito(a)聽-聽beautiful

c贸modo(a) -聽comfortable

inc贸modo(a)聽-聽uncomfortable

luminoso(a) -聽bright

oscuro(a)聽-聽dark

estrecho(a) -聽narrow

ancho(a) - wide

ruidoso(a) -聽noisy

tranquilo(a)聽-聽quiet

We use these words with the verb SER. This irregular verb is the one you need for describing a house in Spanish. Let’s have a look at the conjugation of the verb SER:聽

SER

yo

soy

t煤

eres

茅l, ella (usted)

es

nosotros, nosotras

somos

vosotros, vosotras

sois

ellos, ellas (ustedes)

son
PRACTICE!

Let鈥檚 practice the adjectives with these two exercises!

Asking about quantity in Spanish

  • To ask about quantity聽in Spanish we use 驴Cu谩nto?
  • The most frequent answer is a number or a word that expresses quantity (dos, tres millones,mucho, bastantes, pocas鈥)
  • This interrogative pronoun has a masculine and a feminine form, and it must also agree with the noun in plural or singular.聽聽

鉁嶐煆 We use 驴Cu谩ntos? 驴Cu谩ntas?in plural with countable nouns:

鉁嶐煆 We use 驴Cu谩nto? 驴Cu谩nta?聽in singular with uncountable nouns:

鉁嶐煆 We use 驴Cu谩nto? – (only in this form) with verbs:

鈾 MASCULINO 鈾 FEMENINO

Singular

驴Cu谩nto鈥?

驴Cu谩nta鈥?

Plural

驴Cu谩ntos鈥?

驴Cu谩ntas..?

PRACTICE!

Spanish idioms with the word HOUSE

Spanish language聽is very rich in聽idiomatic expressions. If you want to master the language you’ll find this final section very useful. Try using them in your exchanges with native speakers, they’ll be really impressed!

LET’S PRACTICE!

Now, as you know quite a lot practice your comprehension skills by listening to our podcast that talks about the house in Spanish!

Talking about Your House in Spanish

– Spanish vocabulary in the house: rooms and location
– The different uses of the verbs 鈥渟er鈥 and 鈥渆star鈥

Specific rooms of the house in Spanish

Follow these links below to learn and practice specific house vocabulary!

The kitchen in Spanish
The living and dining room in Spanish
The bedroom in Spanish
The bathroom in Spanish

Want To Learn Spanish The Fastest Way Possible?

Laura
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With a flexible class schedule, you decide when’s the best time to take private Spanish lessons!

We teach you according to our 24 Level System to Spanish Fluency庐, where we clearly define your next goals to be accomplished fast so you stay motivated all the way to Spanish fluency.

house vocabulary in spanish
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