Numbers in Spanish: It’s Easy as 1, 2, 3​

Numbers in Spanish
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When learning Spanish, we all come to the point where we have to face the number monster… and no one can hide from it! Before suffocating under the huge mountain of numbers, we need to finally face it and memorize the Numbers in Spanish.

The Spanish numbers might seem long and complicated at first but once you get the hang of it, they are really not that difficult. This is the guide on how to effortlessly memorize numbers in Spanish and defeat the number monster  once and for all.

With our “24 Level System to Spanish Fluency®”,  you’ll finish the B2 level after 24 sub-levels. You are currently at Level A1 (sub-levels 1-4), studying the Spanish numbers!

Spanish Numbers: 0 - 10

Level 1 (A1.1) - Novice Low

Let’s start with the basic numbers in Spanish by watching this video:

Impossible not to sing along, right? And guess what… Rosita just taught you the Spanish numbers from 1 to 10 in under a minute!

Let’s recap the basic numbers – memorize them well, because they are the basis for all other numbers in Spanish you will learn.

Number Spanish
0

       cero

1

       uno

2

       dos

3

       tres

4

       cuatro

5

       cinco

6

       seis

7

       siete

8

       ocho

9

       nueve

10

       diez

Cardinal vs. ordinal Spanish numbers​

Level 2 (A1.2) - Novice Mid 1/2

In Spanish, as well as in English, we distinguish between ordinal and cardinal numbers.

Cardinals are numbers that serve as representatives of a certain size or quantities of something. They can also be used to express time, age, date or weight (1, 2, 3,…).

Ordinals express the order in a sequence of something and can be used to arrange a structure of a speech or presentation (1st, 2nd, 3rd,…).

In everyday Spanish-speaking life, only the ordinal numbers from 1 to 10 are actually used. You probably won’t ever hear a native speaker say ” el vigésimo primer siglo” (the twenty-first century). Instead, they would say “el siglo veintiuno” (the century twenty-one). Ordinal numbers greater than 10 are thus said as cardinal numbers, which is why we will not learn them here. We focus only on the important ordinal numbers from 1 to 10:

Number Spanish
1st
       primero
2nd

       segundo

3rd

       tercero

4th

       cuarto

5th

       quinto

6th

       sexto

7th

       séptimo

8th

       octavo

9th

       noveno

10th

       décimo

It is very important to know that Spanish ordinal numbers are consistent in gender and number with the noun they accompany. 

Example:

La segunda pizza.
“Pizza” is a female noun, therefore the ordinal number ends in –a.

pizza

Su segundo coche.
“Coche” is a masculine noun, therefore the ordinal number ends in –o.

car

iOjo! “primero” and “tercero” transform into “primer” and “tercer” when used before a masculine noun.

Example:
El primer beso / El tercer beso → El segundo beso

The Decades - Spanish Numbers: 10 - 100

Level 2 (A1.2) - Novice Mid 1/2

Every set of 10 numbers are what we call the “decades”.
Remember these numbers very well, because later they will help you to form and combine the larger numbers.

Number Spanish
10

       diez

20

       veinte

30

       treinta

40

       cuarenta

50

       cincuenta

60

       sesenta

70

       setenta

80

       ochenta

90

       noventa

100

       cien

Spanish Numbers: 11 - 15

There is no hack on how to learn the Spanish numbers between 11 and 15 easily. You just have to sit down and memorize them by heart, because unlike the rest of the numbers in the system, these are not based on the single-digit numbers you’ve learned until now (remember Rosita’s song).

iOjo! The Spanish numbers between 11 and 15 all end with the suffix -ce:

Number Spanish
11

       once

12

       doce

13

       trece

14

       catorce

15

       quince

Spanish Numbers: 16 - 19

The Spanish numbers from sixteen to nineteen simply combine “dieci” with the single-digit numbers.

This looks as follows:

Number Spanish
16

       dieciséis

17

       diecisiete

18

       dieciocho

19

       diecinueve

Spanish Numbers: 20 - 29

You may have noticed that there’s a system behind the numbers by now.
Just like before, take the decade and add the single-digit number. 

But there is one thing you need to remember – Spanish numbers until 29 are written in one word, without any spaces!

iOjo! Vowel change! “Veinte” turns into “veintiafter 20.

Number Spanish
20

       veinte

21

       veintiuno

22

       veintidós

23

       veintitrés

24

       veinticuatro

25

       veinticinco

26

       veintiséis

27

       veintisiete

28

       veintiocho

29

       veintinueve

iOjo!  The numbers 16, 22, 23 and 26 have accents!

Spanish Numbers: 30 - 99

Remember how I said that you should really remember the single-digit numbers in Spanish and the decades? If you followed my lead and you know them well, all you need to do is combine them.

Notice that all the numbers bigger than 30 are written as three separate words divided by “y”!

From now on we will follow this simple, consistent system with the following formula:

decade + y + single digit number

Number Spanish
30
       treinta
31
       treinta y uno
32
       treinta y dos
33

       treinta y trés

34

       treinta y cuatro

35

       treinta y cinco

36

       treinta y seis

37

       treinta y siete

38

       treinta y ocho

39

       treinta y nueve

40

       cuarenta

41

       cuarenta y uno

...
...
50

       cincuenta

51

       cincuenta y uno

...
...
60

       sesenta

61

       sesenta y uno

...
...
70

       setenta

71

       setenta y uno

...
...
80

       ochenta

81

       ochenta y uno

...
...
90

       noventa

91

       noventa y uno

...
...
99

       noventa y nueve

Are you ready to practice what you’ve learned? ¡Vamos allá! Here is an exercise for you (listen an audio and write the number you hear):

Last Step: the BIG Spanish Numbers

If you have followed all this carefully, you have probably noticed that it’s really not that difficult to form the Spanish numbers. Watch this video to see how we can use large numbers in Spanish in context

Spanish Numbers: 100 - 999

Level 3 (A1.3) - Novice Mid 2/2

Good job! But we’re not done yet… let’s turn our attention to slightly larger numbers. Let me introduce you to the Spanish numbers between 100 and 999.

To build the hundreds, we simply extend our formula:

hundreds decade + y +

single digit number

You might see that both, “cien” and “ciento” mean “one hundred” … same same but different?! If both have the same meaning, why are there two different words for the same number and what’s the difference between the two?

To put it in a nutshell, cien” is only used to refer to the actual number 100, nothing else! In all other cases and every Spanish number between 101 and 199,  “ciento” is used.

For Spanish numbers above 199, simply put the single-digit number before “ciento and adds” to the end. Then proceed with the same principle as before.

Number Spanish
100
       cien
101

       ciento uno

102

       ciento dos

103

       ciento tres

...
...
147

       ciento cuarenta y siete

...
...
199

       ciento noventa y nueve

For Spanish numbers above 199, simply put the single-digit number before “ciento and adds” to the end. Then proceed with the same principle as before.

Number Spanish
100

       cien

200

       doscientos

300

       trescientos

400

       cuatrocientos

500

       quinientos

600

       seiscientos

700

       setecientos

800

       ochocientos

900

       novecientos

iOjo! Note the change of spelling in the case of 500, 700 and 900:

Spanish Numbers Spelling

Spanish Numbers: 1.000 - 1.000.000

Level 3 (A1.3) - Novice Mid 2/2

Now’s the time to test if you’ve been paying attention around here. The big numbers in Spanish are long! But the system of how they are formed is exactly the same one we have been using until now.

Watch the video with examples of large numbers. Don’t be scared, later you have a small overview of the bases of the big, big Spanish numbers:

Play Video about cifras grandes
Number Spanish
1.000

       mil

2.000

       dos mil

3.000

       tres mil

4.000

       cuatro mil

5.000

       cinco mil

6.000

       seis mil

7.000

       siete mil

8.000

       ocho mil

9.000

       nueve mil

10.000

       diez mil

100.000

       cien mil

1.000.000

       un millón

To help you understand the whole thing a little bit better, you can see our formula for the big, big numbers here:

(single digit number/decade/hundreds)

+ mil hundredsdecade + y single digit number

The formula looks long, but you just have to keep on doing what you have done so far

Let’s try to build the number 3.468 in Spanish.
This number consists of thousands, hundreds, tens and single-digits:

3000 – 400 – 60 – 8

And that’s exactly what you say:
tres mil cuatrocientos sesenta y ocho

Next, try build the number 12.777 in Spanish

12 x 1000 – 700 – 70 – 7
doce mil setecientos setenta y siete

And we add another digit: 482.796

482 x 1000 – 700 – 90 – 6
cuatrocientos ochenta y dos mil setecientos setenta y siete

iOjo! Mildoes not adapt to gender or number. No matter which word you put it in front of, it always remains unchanged. The plural of “millón” is “millones

Where can and should you use Spanish numbers?

If you’ve ever asked someone to buy you three apples from the supermarket, or two lottery tickets, or searched for your flight number at the airport, you’ve used numbers. Before getting into the theory, watch this video to see how we use numbers in Spanish in different contexts:

We use numbers in Spanish when talking about:

Prices in Spanish

When you go to the supermarket and you know how to say “¿Cuánto cuesta?” – How much does it cost? You need to understand the answer.

With this exercise see if you understood everything correctly:

Age in Spanish

The format of the numbers doesn’t change

Except…

The number one and its compounds when acting as adjectives:

1 – uno/una

– ¿Cuántos hermanos tiene Dustin? 
– Él tiene un hermano. / Él tiene uno.
– Él tiene una hermana / Él tiene una.

31 – El treinta y uno. 

– ¿Cuántos años tiene Dustin? 
– Él tiene treinta y un años. / Él tiene treinta y uno.

21.- El veintiuno.

– ¿Cuántos chicos hay?
– Hay veintiún chicos. / Hay veintiuno.
– Hay veintiuna chicas. / Hay veintiuna.

Los números que acaban en –cientos also change:

200.- El doscientos/as.

– ¿Cuántos gramos son?
Son doscientos gramos.

– ¿Cuántas atletas hay en las Olimpiadas? 
– Hay doscientas atletas.

Time in Spanish

When we tell the time, we first tell the hour and then the minutes

In colloquial language we use analog time and not digital time, that’s why we use “y” or “menos” to say the minutes and usually five by five:

horas-time-in-spanish

For 15 minutes, the word “y cuarto (00:15) / menos cuarto (00:45)“.

For zero minutes, we say “en punto” or just tell the time.

And for 30 minutes, the expression “y media” is used. 

The same goes for schedules, that is, the time or times at which an action is performed: 

Date in Spanish

With dates, unlike in other languages, we say the cardinal number (one, two, three…) For example:

Also with the years. The whole number is said and not divided in two as in English, for example.

Phone Number in Spanish

Mi número de teléfono es 922 67 54 33 (nueve dos dos seis siete cinco cuatro tres tres). – My phone number is 922 67 54 33.

If you have followed all the steps attentively, you should now understand how to build the numbers in Spanish and you can give yourself a good pat on the back  – you’ve done it! Now, it is very important that you practice the numbers and repeat them over and over again.
It’s your turn… we now set you free into the wild world of Spanish numbers. From now on, you have to try to apply what you have just learned to finally beat the number monster. But of course, you can always come back here to look for help!

… And now that you have mastered the numbers in Spanish, why don’t you check out the Spanish alphabet

trophy

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