Family Members in Spanish

family-members
In this post you will find:

Introduction

Family members (in Spanish) are a common topic of conversation. Why? Most Spanish-speaking countries place a high value on family. Culture is the reason. When things get tough, Spanish people tend to turn to their families for support.

It’s important to know how to talk about your family in Spanish and most importantly understand when your Spanish-speaking friends mention their families, relationships, or relatives. Our blog post is the perfect solution for you.

Every section has a tailored list of different family members. Later you will find short exercises. ¡Vamos allá! (Let’s go!)

In our opinion, learning vocabulary is best done in context. Therefore, we created this video with family-related vocabulary in Spanish. Dive into the topic right away.

Play Video about family vocabulary video

Immediate Family Members

Here we will talk about the closest or most immediate members of your family. You might share a family dinner with them or have a casual get-together.

padrefather
madre – mother
padres – parents (father and mother or two fathers)
hijo/a – son/daughter
esposo/marido – husband
esposa – wife
hermano/a – brother/sister
abuelo/a – grandfather/grandmother
abuelos – grandparents

Spanish 🇪🇸 English 🇺🇸

padre

father

madre

mother

padres

parents (father and mother or two fathers)

hijo

son

hija

daughter

esposo/marido

husband

esposa

wife

hermano

brother

hermana

sister

abuelo

grandfather

abuela

grandmother

abuelos

grandparents

In-laws Family Members

In-laws are family members who are married to one of the family members. This means that they are married into the family. Depending on who is their partner, the name changes.

suegrofather-in-law
suegra – mother-in-law 
yernoson-in-law
nuera – daughter-in-law
cuñado – brother-in-law
cuñada – sister-in-law

Spanish 🇪🇸 English 🇺🇸

suegro

father-in-law

suegra

mother-in-law

yerno

son-in-law

nuera

daughter-in-law

cuñado

brother-in-law

cuñada

sister-in-law

To have a better overview of what you have learned until now practice with this exercise:

Extended Family Members

For Spanish people, the extended family is just as important as the immediate family. Have it in mind while communicating. Don’t be lazy and learn this vocabulary as well.

nietosgrandchildren
nieto/agrandson/granddaughter
tío/auncle/aunt
primoscousins
primo/acousin (male)/(female)
sobrino/anephew/niece
bisabuelo/agreat grandfather/grandmother
tatarabuelo/agreat great grandfather/grandmother

Spanish 🇪🇸 English 🇺🇸

nietos

grandchildren

nieto

grandson

nieta

granddaughter

bisnieto

great grandson

bisnieta

great granddaughter

tío

uncle

tía

aunt

primos

cousins

primo

cousin (male)

prima

cousin (female)

sobrino

nephew

sobrina

niece

bisabuelo

great grandfather

bisabuela

great grandmother

tatarabuelo

great great grandfather

tatarabuela

great great grandmother

Mixed Families

Families are becoming more complex nowadays. Being prepared for any situation is a good idea. The vocabulary may not be necessary for you, but knowing it will help you understand others when they talk about their families.

padrastrostepfather
madrastrastepmother
hijastro/astepson/stepdaughter
hermanastro/astepbrother/stepsister

Spanish 🇪🇸 English 🇺🇸

padrastro

stepfather

madrastra

stepmother

hijastro

stepson

hijastra

stepdaughter

hermanastro

stepbrother

hermanastra

stepsister

To repeat and practice what you’ve just learned we have created some exercises:

Check out our podcast episode about Family in Spanish. Surely, it will be a good addition to your listening skills! If you wish to read the transcript while listening and also completing the exercises, then download them by clicking on the link below. 

Talking about Your Family in Spanish

To recap what you’ve learnt in this post, listed to our podcast episode “Talking about Your Family in Spanish”.

If you want to learn more:

Check our extensive post about Spanish for Traveling. You will find a downloadable PDF, useful vocabulary, and grammar. 

All about SER and ESTAR in Spanish.

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