The 24 Most Common Reflexive Verbs in Spanish
Reflexive verbs are used daily in every Spanish-speaking country. Its correct use is an important step to reach fluency in Spanish. Would you like to learn how to use them properly? Would you like to know which are the 24 most common ones? Then this post is perfect for you!
In this post you'll find:
What is a reflexive verb?
Reflexive verbs are those with an extra pronoun: me, te, se, nos, os, les which agrees with the subject.
yo camino (non reflexive)
yo me ducho (reflexive)
Reflexive pronouns are mandatory with these kinds of verbs. Personal pronouns are correct, but not needed:
Yo me peino. = Me peino.
Which are the reflexive pronouns?
How do you identify a reflexive verb?
We can tell that a verb is reflexive by looking at the infinitive form. Reflexive verbs include the reflexive pronoun -se. For example: DUCHARSE, VESTIRSE, LEVANTARSE…
Reflexive verbs are conjugated like any other verb, you just need to add the right reflexive pronoun before the conjugated verb.
yo + BAÑARSE: yo me baño
nosotras + VESTIRSE: nosotras nos vestimos
Have a look at the reflexive verb DUCHARSE:
The 24 most common reflexive verbs in Spanish
There are plenty of reflexive verbs when we talk about our daily routine in Spanish. Here you have the 24 most common reflexive verbs to use on a daily basis.
The best way to learn these new verbs is practising. Here you have two fun exercises to revise the new vocabulary. Let’s start!
Reflexive or non reflexive? That’s the question
Why do we need these extra pronouns? Is there really a difference if we don’t use them? The answer to both questions is YES. Reflexive verbs are those in which the subject does something to themselves. For example: yo me visto means that I put on clothes on my own body, no one else does it and I’m not doing it to somebody else. I do it to myself. Look the following examples:
La niña se pone los calcetines. (reflexive)
La niña pone los zapatos a su amiga. (non reflexive)
The best way to learn this is with lots of practice. Let’s do it!
Irregular reflexive verbs
Reflexive verbs can be irregular. However, the irregularity doesn’t affect reflexive pronouns, just the conjugated forms. Here you have some irregular verbs:
It’s time to practise!
Reflexive verbs: imperative forms
What happens with the imperative forms? To solve this question and any other you might have about imperative forms in Spanish, learn and practise with our in depth blog post.
Reflexive verbs after prepositions and other verbs
Normalmente leo un libro antes de dormirme, pero me gusta acostarme temprano. ¿Tú también prefieres acostarte temprano?
We always use infinitive after a preposition in Spanish. But… what happens with reflexive verbs in the infinitive form? Look at these examples:
Después de despertarme, bebo un café.
Antes de ducharte, preparas la ropa.
Para secarnos necesitamos toallas limpias.
Tenéis mal el pelo por teñiros tanto.
As you have seen in the previous examples, we need to change the reflexive pronouns to make it agree with the subject and we need to add it at the end of the infinitive.
The same rule applies in cases like these:
Quiero acostarme temprano porque estoy muy cansado.
No te gusta ducharte por la mañana.
Preferimos despertarnos tarde.
¿Váis a sentaros en el sofá?
It’s time to practise!
Videos for practising reflexive verbs in Spanish
Eva is a student who lives in Ponferrada (Northern Spain). Here you have a typical day in the life of a Spanish young adult.
Teacher Catalina shows you her morning routine in this comprehensible video full of reflexive verbs in Spanish.
Finally we have a musical recommendation to keep practising reflexive verbs. The classic Latin band El Gran Combo Dominicano sings about the perks of a simple life with their Y no hago más na’ (And I don’t do anything else).
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