Jobs and Occupations in Spanish: a Complete Guide

professions-in-spanish

Talking about Your Profession in Spanish​

“¿En qué trabajas?”
“Soy profesora de inglés.”

Asking someone about their profession or occupation is a common conversation starter in many cultures. Can you talk about your job in Spanish?

With our complete guide, you will be able to engage in a conversation about your profession in Spanish in no time. Learn the different expressions, the conjugation of the two most important verbs, and the different Spanish nouns for professions.

¿En qué trabajas?

Girls talking

When getting to know someone, it’s likely that they will ask you about your job. In this section, you will learn to ask for someone’s job in Spanish and answer this question for yourself.

When you ask for someone’s profession, you will probably ask one of the following questions:

The answer to these questions is very straightforward:

Another question people could ask you is:

The answer is very simple. You just use the verb TRABAJAR + en:

In the following section about verbs we use to talk about professions, you will learn how to conjugate the verb TRABAJAR

For more information, you can also ask someone what their job is like and if they like it.

Other questions and their respective answers you can use in a conversation are:

Talking about Your Job in Spanish: Verbs

Woman writing

In Spanish you will mostly use the verbs TRABAJAR or DEDICARSE to talk about your profession. These verbs are both regular and end in -ar. To conjugate these verbs, we just remove the infinitive ending (-ar) and add the ending that matches the subject.

Trabajar Dedicarse

Yo

trabajo

me dedico

trabajas

te dedicas

Él / Ella / Usted

trabaja

se dedica

Nosotros / Nosotras

trabajamos

nos dedicamos

Vosotros / Vosotras

trabajáis

os dedicáis

Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes

trabajan

se dedican

Of course, you can also keep it simple and use the verb to be, SER, to state your profession:

✏️ Test Your Knowledge

How to Form the Masculine and Feminine of Nouns for Professions in Spanish?

First, have a look at this video, where you will find a list of professions in Spanish, how to pronounce them and how to form the masculine and feminine forms.

The Spanish nouns that describe your job follow basic Spanish grammar rules. Normally, the noun changes according to the gender of the person referred to, but of course, there are exceptions.

Masculine nouns that end in -o

Masculine nouns that end in -o can be made feminine by changing the ending to -a. The most common are:

  • There are a few exceptions where the -o ending doesn’t change. The best thing you can do is to learn them by heart:

El piloto → la piloto – The pilot
El modelo → la modelo – The model

  • Some nouns always end in -a, no matter if they are masculine or feminine. (Most of these end in -ta).

El/la atleta – The athlete
El/la psiquiatra – The psychiatrist
El/la poeta – The poet
El/la terapeuta – The therapist

Masculine nouns that end in a consonant

Because gender equality is important, a lot of nouns that only used to have a masculine ending now also appear with a feminine one.

El presidente → la presidenta – The president

Nouns that end in a consonant in the masculine form can be made feminine by adding an -a at the end of the word. We have made a list of the most common ones:

Nouns that don't change

In this case, the noun stays the same in the masculine and feminine, only the article changes to match the person’s gender. These nouns mostly end in –ista, -e or -ía. Here are some of the most common nouns that follow this rule:

Profesiones Professions

El/la dentista

The dentist

El/la policía

The police officer

El/la contable

The accountant

El/la ayudante

The help

El/la detective

The detective

El/la agente

The agent

El/la cantante

The singer

El/la estudiante

The student 

El/la estudiante

The student

El/la esteticista

The beautician

El/la electricista

The electrician

El/la periodista

The journalist

El/la recepcionista

The receptionist

El/la guardia

The guard

El/la presidente

The president 

El/la asistente de vuelo

The flight attendant

El/la intérprete

The interpreter

El/la asistente social

The social worker

El/la artista

The artist 

El/la oficinista

The office worker 

El/la florista

The florist

El/la psicoanalista

The psychoanalyst

El/la taxista

The taxi driver

The most common exceptions to this rule are:

el dependiente → la dependienta – the salesman / the saleswoman
el alcalde → la alcaldesa – the mayor
el duque → la duquesa – the duke / the duchess

el jefe → la jefa – the boss

el presidente → la presidenta – the president

Exceptions

Spanish wouldn’t be Spanish, if there weren’t exceptions. Some job nouns have an irregular feminine form:

El actor → la actriz – The actor / the actress
El emperador → la emperatriz – The emperor / the empress
El rey → la reina – The king / the queen

✏️ Test Your Knowledge

Complete List of Occupations

You have now been introduced to a few professions in the grammar section, but, of course, there are many more jobs. Take a look at the following video to learn more Spanish professions, their pronunciations, and how to form the masculine and feminine forms.

And If You Don’t Have a Job?

Of course, not everyone has a job. This can be for several reasons:

With this blogpost, you are fully prepared to have a conversation about jobs and occupations in Spanish. Check more blogposts about Spanish below or in our blog section!

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