Learn the Days, Months and Seasons in Spanish

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Our Complete Guide to the Days of the Week, Months and Seasons

Do you want talk about something that is happening next week in Spanish? Or in two months? 

Learn the days of the week, months and seasons with our complete guide! Get familiar with vocabulary, expressions and grammar related to this topic, and test your knowledge with exercises and videos!

The days of the week in Spanish

Lunes, martes, miércoles… Do you know the days of the week, or los días de la semana, in Spanish? Get to know them by watching our video on our YouTube channel: 

Did you know them all? We have listed them again for you below 👇

SPANISH ENGLISH

lunes

Monday

martes

Tuesday

miércoles

Wednesday

jueves

Thursday

viernes

Friday

sábado

Saturday

domingo

Sunday

Note:

You can abbreviate the Spanish days of the week:

  • The single letter abbreviations are: L, M, X, J, V, S, D. As you can see, they all use the first letter of the word they stand for, except for miércoles. We replace this by X to avoid confusion with martes.
  • The two-letter abbreviations are: Lu, Ma, Mi, Ju, Vi, Sa, Do. It’s more common to use these for the days of the week in Spanish.

Talking about the days of the week in Spanish

No tengo que trabajar el lunes.I don’t have to work on Monday

El último domingo del mes fue inusualmente cálido.The last Sunday of the month was unusually warm.

Juego al tenis el miércoles.I play tennis on Wednesday.
Juego al tenis los miércoles.I play tennis on Wednesdays.

Juego al tenis todos los miércoles.I play tennis every Wednesday.
Juego al tenis cada miércoles.I play tennis every Wednesday.

Etymology of the days of the week 

As you can see, the Spanish version of the days of the week are very different from the English ones. This is because they are derived from Greco-Roman etymology. Discover their origins in the following table:

lunes

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La luna

the moon

jueves

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Júpiter

jupiter

martes

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Marte

mars

viernes

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Venus

venus

domingo

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Dominus

lord in Latin

miércoles

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Mercurio

mercury

sábado

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Sabat

hebrew word for rest

How do you talk about the days of the week?

Read the following conversation:

Useful vocabulary

We made a list of other useful vocabulary related to the days of the week in Spanish:

SPANISH ENGLISH

El día

The day

El fin de semana

The weekend

Ahora

Now

Este jueves

This Thursday

El proximo viernes

Next Friday

El viernes que viene

Next Friday

Pasado

Last 

Pronto

Soon

Temprano

Early

Tarde

Late

Más temprano

Earlier

Más tarde

Later

Hasta el lunes

Until Monday

Antes del miércoles

Before Wednesday

Después del miércoles

After Wednesday

Desde el domingo

Since Sunday

Algunos días

Some days

Todo el día

All day

Todos los días

Everyday

Cada sábado

Every Saturday

El sábado

On Saturday

El sábado por la mañana

Saturday morning

Mañana por la tarde

Tomorrow afternoon

Mañana por la tarde

Tomorrow evening

Mañana por la noche

Tomorrow night

Pasado mañana

The day after tomorrow

En dos/tres/cuatro/etc. días

In two/three/four/etc. days

Want more practice

Still not sure you will remember the days of the week? Try to memorize them with this short poem:

Los días de la semana son siete nada más.

There are only seven days of the week.

Si aprendes este poema, ¡los recordarás!

If you learn this poem, you’ll remember them!

El lunes hace viento.

It’s windy on Monday.

El martes, ¡qué calor!

On Tuesday it’s so hot!

El miércoles hace fresco.

On Wednesday it’s chilly.

El jueves sale el sol.

On Thursday the sun comes out.

El viernes llueve a veces,

On Friday it rains sometimes,

El sábado normalmente no.

On Saturday it normally does not.

El domingo hay arcoíris,

On Sunday there’s a rainbow,

Y vamos al parque tú y yo.

And you and I go to the park. 

✏️ Test Your Knowledge

After learning the days of the week in Spanish, a logical next step is to learn the months or los meses! Contrary to the days of the week, the months in Spanish and English are quite similar. Take a look at the following table:

SPANISH ENGLISH

enero

January

febrero

February

marzo

March

abril

April

mayo

May

junio

June

julio

July

agosto

August

septiembre

September

octubre

October

noviembre

November

diciembre

December

Note:

The months of the year are not capitalized in Spanish, unlike in English.

Mi cumpleaños es en marzo.My birthday is in March.

Talking about the months in Spanish

When talking about dates in Spanish, it is important to know how to write the numbers. Take a look at our blogpost about the numbers in Spanish before continuing.

Hoy es cinco de julio.Today is the fifth of July / Today is July fifth. 

5 de julio de 2020     July 5, 2020
5 de julio del 2020    July 5, 2020

🇪🇸
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05/07/2020 = DD/MM/YYYY
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07/05/2020 = MM/DD/YYYY

Note:

Three months have adjective forms: abrileño (referring to April), marzal (referring to March), and agosteño (referring to August).


Las lluvias marzales de nuestro país son persistentes.
The March rains in our country are persistent.

 

We mostly use them in literature to describe phenomena that happen in those months. If you want to refer to another month, you can just use de + month.

Abbreviations

Just like with the days, you can also abbreviate the months:

Etymology of the months in Spanish

The Spanish names of the months are derived from Latin:

enero

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>Janus

Roman god and guardian of doors and gates

abril

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>aprilis

When flowers bloom

julio

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>Julius Caesar

Roman general

octubre

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>Octo

Number eight in Latin

febrero

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>februum

A feast of purification was held at this time 

mayo

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>Maia

Roman earth goddess

agosto

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>Augustus Caesar

First Roman emperor

noviembre

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>Novem

Number nine in Latin

marzo

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>Martius

Mars

junio

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>Juno

Goddess married to Jupiter

septiembre

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>septem

Number seven in Latin

diciembre

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>decem

Number ten in Latin 

How do you talk about the months?

Read the following conversation:

Time expressions related to the months

Do you still remember the time expressions we used for the days of the week? You can also use them for the months. Just replace the day with the month.

✏️ Test Your Knowledge

Seasons of the year

The last topic we will tackle in this blogpost are the seasons,  or las estaciones.

SPANISH ENGLISH

primavera

Spring

verano

Winter

otoño

Fall

invierno

Winter

Note:

There is another word for summer, el estío, which is mostly used in literary texts.

As you already know, when it’s summer in the northern hemisphere, it is winter in the southern hemisphere. Most tropical regions in the world have only two main seasons:

la estación lluviosa – rainy season or wet season, which can also be called invierno
la estación seca – dry season, which can also be called verano

Talking about the seasons in Spanish

El verano se acerca.Summer is getting near.
No me gustan los inviernos.I don’t like winters.

En verano vamos a Francia.During the summer we go to France.  

Los días de invierno son largos.Winter days are long.

Note:

Forming adjectives

In general, you can create adjectives by combining the name of the season with de. The following adjectives also exist: 

invernalwinter
primaveralspringlike
veraniegosummery
otoñalautumnal

El esquí es una actividad invernal.Skiing is a wintry activity.
Hoy es un día otoñal un poco fresco.Today is a slightly cool autumn day.

‼️ Verano also has a verb form, veranear, which means to spend the summer away from home.

Etymology of the seasons in Spanish

Just as the names of the months of the year, the names of the seasons in Spanish come from Latin:

Hopefully, you are now completely familiar with the days of the week, the months and the seasons in Spanish!

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